Stupa(Sanskrit) or Chorten(Tibetan)is a mound-like structure for collecting the Buddhist relics even preserved bodies of renowned lamas, symbolizing Buddha's presence. According to Buddhist scriptures, Shakyamuni personally taught his disciple Ananda Thera the method and specifications of building the stupa by stacking the Buddhist robes as a four-layer square and covering with a bowl and a tin stick on top. In Tripitaka, there are many sutras about the specifications and significance of building a stupa, as well as the merits of building a stupa and circumambulating a stupa.
The stupa is popularly called 'Kumbum', a symbol of Gyantse. It is actually a fusion of monastery and Tibetan stupa. There are 77 chapels and shrines of the same size in the Tibetan pagoda and walkway lined by prayer wheels. It is also given the name “the Ten Thousand Buddha Pagodas”, as it has enshrined a hundred thousand figures of Buddhas as images and murals.